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Diagnostic Reading #14: Five “Must Read” Articles on Medical Imaging

Reading Time: 4 minutes read

In the news: ultrasound reaches new heights; survival tips for new radiologists.

This week’s articles in Diagnostic Reading include: chest X-ray with AI IDs COVID with near-perfect accuracy; LDCT pinpoints emphysema; guidance to integrate radiology and AI; survival tips for new radiologists; and POCUS becomes a promising tool for high-altitude illness.

AI-fueled chest X-ray can provide near-perfect COVID-19 identification – Diagnostic Imaging

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, chest computed tomography (CT) has received the most attention as the imaging option for detection, but a new study shows that, when paired with artificial intelligence (AI), chest X-ray can provide near-perfect identification—potentially leading to clinical benefits in the future. Researchers from Brazil revealed that using an automatic detection method to identify features extracted from chest X-rays can detect the virus with 95-98 percent accuracy, according to a study published in IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica.  Read about AI Features You Can Adopt Today in Radiology.

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Emphysema underdiagnosed, but low-dose CT provides opportunity to identify, intervene – Radiology Business

Though emphysema may be underdiagnosed among patients screened for lung cancer, low-dose computed tomography (CT) provides an opportunity to identify the disease—helping patients to quit smoking and initiate treatment—experts said in a new large-scale study published in Clinical Imaging. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third-leading cause of death in the U.S. Emphysema, one form of COPD, can increase the risk of worsening disease, death and lung cancer. However, clinicians can sometimes overlook this concern, experts noted. Learn about Dual Energy: the New Standard in Chest X-rays.

U.K. releases guidance on integrating AI into radiology workflow – AuntMinnie Europe

The U.K. Royal College of Radiologists (RCR) published new standards that a radiology department should meet when integrating artificial intelligence (AI) into an established PACS or RIS. The guidelines are limited to the inclusion of AI for image analysis, and do not advise which AI algorithm solution radiologists should buy, ethical issues around the use of AI nor AI solutions for workflow and radiology management efficiency. The aim is to produce a safe, seamless system in which the patients’ needs are of paramount importance.

10 survival tips for new radiologists – Health Imaging

To help prep new graduates moving from a resident or fellow to an independent radiologist, a team of experts compiled 10 ‘survival’ tips based on firsthand experience and observations of other junior rads, and recently shared them in the Journal of the American College of Radiology. Tips include topics such as managing finances, insurance and written contracts.

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POCUS achieves new heights in Mount Everest rescue – AuntMinnie

Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) can be a valuable tool in remote, high-altitude regions and could allow healthcare providers to diagnose and follow-up with patients exhibiting acute respiratory symptoms when other radiological imaging modalities are not available, according to a case report published in Wilderness and Environmental Medicine. During a high-altitude medical research expedition, handheld POCUS machines allowed users to test and diagnose acute high-altitude illness by lung ultrasound (LUS), optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement and echocardiography. With the development of high-quality portable ultrasound machines, POCUS has gained interest as a promising diagnostic tool for patients with high altitude illness.



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