Diagnostic Reading #15: Five “Must Read” Articles on HIT and Radiology
AI, holistic approach to precision medicine, and the future of radiology imaging are in this weeks news.
This week’s articles in Diagnostic Reading include: education is needed to harness power of AI in radiology; can an automated analysis of radiology reports really work; effective precision medicine demands a holistic approach; study finds brain continues to produce new cells into old age; and both imaging advancements and personalized medicine will shape the future of radiology.
Artificial intelligence (AI) can enhance the business and operational side of radiology, but radiologists and practice managers should understand the technology before they consider adopting it, according to a talk at the RBMA annual conference. AI is most often considered as a tool for image interpretation tasks, but machine learning could also be used to enhance the operation of a radiology department, which could include optimizing scheduling and enhancing radiologists’ productivity by addressing inefficiencies in their daily workflow. Watch the video to learn about the CARESTREAM Workflow Orchestrator.
Can an automated analysis of radiology reports really work? – Diagnostic Imaging
An automated analysis using natural language processing and machine learning algorithms can accurately determine whether reports are compliant with the use of standardized report templates and language, according to a JACR study. Researchers reviewed radiology reports from a one-month period using a software program. Twenty-five reports for each of the 42 faculty members were also manually audited. Researchers concluded that the automatic audit was as accurate as manual audits, but with reduced labor costs.
Effective precision medicine demands a holistic approach – Healthcare IT News
Precision medicine is often thought of primarily in terms of genetics and genomics. “Genomics is a key component and something that’s relatively new to helping us understand drivers or particular health outcomes,” says Michael Dulin, director of the Academy for Population Health Innovation at University of North Carolina. But he also believes that there are a lot of individual components and social determinants that drive outcomes including health behaviors, education and socioeconomic status.
Study finds brain continues to produce new cells into old age – Health Imaging
Columbia University researchers recently found that the human brain continues to produce hundreds of new neurons every day, even in patients in their 70s. Research scientists at Columbia University’s department of psychiatry found similar numbers of neural progenitor cells and immature neurons, regardless of age, according to the article. This led them to conclude that the human brain continues to make neurons even into old age.
Imaging advances, personalized medicine will shape future of radiology – Diagnostic Imaging
Advances in cancer therapies such as immunotherapy and gene editing were unimaginable just a few years ago. Today, the medical community can target specific mutations across diseases or track it at the cellular level. Now physicians need to integrate all the relevant information on a timely basis and provide a selection of treatments based on each individual patient’s particular characteristics, not the general category of disease. This is the key to personalized medicine.
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